This sturdy North American native forms attractive, 12- to 24-inch-tall, rounded clumps of soft, hairy, divided leaves and single, semidouble, or double flowers held on long stems above the foliage. Appearing throughout the summer and into the fall, the two- to three-inch-wide flowers make excellent, long-lasting cut flowers. The brilliant blossoms are quite attractive to butterflies, and these annual flowers will normally reseed themselves quite readily. Use gaillardia in the landscape as a groundcover, or plant it in containers. It can also be used as an accent or in mass plantings. Gaillardia can be planted anywhere in the state and will tolerate extreme heat, sun, sandy soils, and even salt, making it a great choice for the coastal landscape.
Scientific name: Gaillardia pulchella Pronunciation: gay-LAR-dee-uh pul-KEL-luh Common name(s): gaillardia, blanket flower Family: Compositae Plant type: annual; perennial; herbaceous Origin: native to Florida Uses: container or above-ground planter; cut flowers; accent; mass planting; ground cover; attracts butterflies; parking lot islands
Height: 1 to 2 feet Spread: 2 to 3 feet Plant habit: spreading Plant density: open Growth rate: moderate
Leaf arrangement: alternate Leaf shape: oblanceolate; spatulate Leaf blade length: 4 to 8 inches Leaf color: green
Flower color: yellow; orange; red Flower characteristic: summer; fall
Light requirement: full sun Soil tolerances: acidic: acidic; alkaline; sand; loam Soil Moisture: dry to moist Plant spacing: 12 to 18 inches
Outstanding plant: plant has outstanding ornamental features and could be planted more Pest resistance: no serious pests are normally seen on the plant
Use and Management
Suitable for growing along the beaches right on the dunes, gaillardia does best in light, very well-drained soils in full sun locations, enduring heat, sandy soil, and drought extremely well.
Gaillardia shows well in a mass planting spaced two to three feet apart, as an edging plant along a walk or driveway, or as an accent in a perennial garden or in front of a shrubbery border. Do not over-water since this could induce root rot.
Propagation is by seed or root divisions planted in early spring.
Pests and Diseases
No pests or diseases are of major concern.
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